Holguin, historic city of the 18th century, land of Major General Calixto Garcia Iñiguez, located in the northern part of the eastern region of Cuba, has taken the popular title of City of Parks since its inception.
This title is given by its urban structure since its center is made up of five parks in blocks and on a parallel line from north to south:
- Calixto García Park (Old Plaza de Armas).
- Julio Grave de Peralta Park (Las Flores Park).
- San Jose Park (Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Park).
- Marti Park (Park Victoriana of Avila).
- Children's Park (Rubén Bravo).
In the colonial era, these seats that today we call parks, city spaces that are inextricably linked to the historical and social development of the city, were located along two main streets of the city, San Isidoro streets or Calle Mayor and San Miguel, today Libertad and Maceo, respectively.
In the surroundings of these seats, the most important houses and public and commercial establishments of the city were grouped, responding to the economic and social interests, in addition to the growth and splendor of the urban plot.
The architecture in the City of Holguin is closely related to The Church of San Isidoro and The Church of San Jose.
Holguin constitutes one of the richest natural settings in Cuba. High mountain ranges, fertile plains and fine sandy beaches alternate in the landscape of this province of singular beauty and multiple attractions. It was in this area of Cuba (Bariay) where Admiral Christopher Columbus landed in 1492, who was fascinated by its beauty.
Holguin is the fourth largest province in Cuba, with an area of 9,300.6 km² according to the National Cadastre dated December 31, 2001, which represents 8.6 % of the total surface of the Island, with 14 municipalities in which 1,111 population settlements are located, of which 43 are urban.
The province of Holguin borders four provinces: the provinces of Las Tunas and Guantánamo, to the west and east, respectively, in addition to limiting to the south with Granma and Santiago de Cuba, and to the north with the Atlantic Ocean.
In Holguin, four natural regions stand out in their topographic relief: Maniabón Group, the Nipe Basin, the Nipe Mountains and the Sagua–Baracoa Group and a subregion to the west that constitutes an undulating and hazy plain, the highest elevation in the “Pico” province. Cristal", but its orographic curiosity par excellence is the Silla de Gibara, a mountainous elevation that is located in the Maniabón mountain range, in the north.
The City of Holguin, also called City of Parks, carries the best and most valuable of local and universal culture with exponents in all branches of culture and representatives in many of them renowned in Cuba and in other parts of the world, as Faustino Oramas (El Guayabero), Cosme Proenza, Frank Fernandez and others.
The province of Holguin has a rich historical-cultural tradition, which spans from the pre-Hispanic period to the present.
Holguin has large areas of citrus, tobacco and sugar cane cultivation. The fishing industry occupies a prominent place within Cuba and the fundamental economic activities are based on agriculture, industry and tourism.
Although Holguin was traditionally an agricultural region, it is currently one of the main industrial areas of Cuba. Called The Land of Nickel, its production contributes 20 % of the country's economic income from exports.
Tourism in Holguin has achieved notable development in recent years and will become of considerable importance. It is considered the third most important Tourist Pole in Cuba. It has many natural attractions and, par excellence, unmatched beauty in its fields and beaches.