Since the beginning of Spanish rule on the island of Cuba, the area that today forms the territory of Holguin was inhabited by the Spanish, owing its name to the surname of one of Diego Velázquez's men: Francisco Garcia Holguin, a fact that led to the emergence of the stage of War in Holguin for the liberation of the Island of Cuba.
From a very early date, the discontent of the residents of the area with the policy imposed on them by the Spanish metropolis was evident. This is how various subversive activities and conspiracies were carried out in the City of Holguin, reaching its climax in the formation of the War movement in Holguin that began the Ten Years' War in 1868.
The territory of Holguin constituted a great objective since the beginning of the 10 years' war (1868-1878) for the Liberation Army, which immediately responded to the ringing of the La Demajagua bell and made several attempts to take over the city. without having the expected results. The revolutionaries of the City of Holguin actively participated in the struggles against colonial rule in Cuba, among which the Major General Calixto García Iñiguez.
The revolutionaries of Holguin were again present in the war of '95, many of the residents of Holguin participated in the invasion of the west. They also participated in other actions under the command of General Calixto García.
During the neocolonial period in Cuba, the people of Holguin continued to fight for the social justice they longed for. They opposed the tyranny of Machado, they supported Guiteras through an immense clandestine movement. A cell of the first communist party was also founded.
The dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in Cuba had great popular rejection in the town of Holguin, the July 26 Movement was created at the end of 1955. The City of Holguin was the protagonist of the Bloody Easter in 1956. In 1958 a group of residents of the City of Holguin joined the Rebel army. Starting in October 1958, the Simón Bolívar Fourth Front began operating on the outskirts of the City of Holguin.
Since the triumph of the revolution in Cuba, various changes occurred in the City of Holguin, avenues, airports and ring roads were created that modernized this city. Health, education and culture have made great progress since 1959. The cultural movement of the City of Holguin undoubtedly became one of the strongest in Cuba.
In the permanent confrontation against the destabilizing attempts of the Revolution in Cuba, the people of Holguin have always been in the front row since the triumphant January.