On April 4, 1545, El Hato de San Isidoro de Garcia Holguin was founded in Cuba, leaving behind the history of the primitive Encomienda (Legal Institution established by Spain in America to regulate relations between Spaniards and indigenous people), whose fate between 1520 and 1540 we do not know, and the Estancias that accompanied it. By chance or prior design, the invocation of Isidore of Seville gave the people of Holguin a figure of culture as a flag.
Bishop Isidore was famous in his time for his literary production, especially for saving much of the knowledge of classical antiquity for Western culture. Much later, the third official patron saint's day was that of San Ildefonso, a student of Isidoro, and when the parishes of Retrete and Gibara were established, they were dedicated to Santa Florentina and San Fulgencio, also brothers of the Sevillian bishop.
The Hato de San Isidoro de Holguin was worked by the Indians and their mestizo descendants. Still, a census register from 1775 reported that there were still 135 Indians in the surroundings of the city. The Hato de San Isidoro de Holguin meant the stabilization of the population that was the seed of what belonged to Holguin as a characteristic feature, and it was the takeoff of development in the Holguin region that the future originated The Hato de San Isidoro de Holguin, on 4 April 1720, later converted into a City and new Eastern Jurisdiction in Cuba, in January 1752.
La comunidad en Holguin nació de sí, y de la integración de otros cubanos que arribaron principalmente de Bayamo, Santiago de Cuba, Baracoa y Puerto Príncipe, junto a españoles, en particular canarios, latinoamericanos, como los provenientes de Santo Domingo, y los traídos como esclavos de África, en mayor medida, congos y carabalíes, en un proceso de intenso mestizaje.
In El Hato de San Isidoro de Holguin that grew since the founding act of Francisco Garcia Holguin, the best values that today characterize the people of Holguin were developed, among them: the honesty of a man like Juan Albanés, the solidarity of the thousands of residents of Holguin who fought in other lands of the world, the fearlessness of Julio Grave de Peralta, perseverance like that of José Agustín García Castañeda, consecration like that of Dr. Pura Avilés, temper like that of William Gálvez and the command that executed the murderer Cowley, fidelity, like that of Lalita Curbelo Barberán, chivalry like that of Raúl Camayd, dignity like that of Pedro Díaz Coello, the sensitivity of creators like Luis Caisés, Faustino Oramas and Cosme Proenza, the value of Calixto Garcia and the patriotism of an entire people, always willing to be free or to always fight to be free.