On April 4, 1545, El Hato de San Isidoro de Garcia Holguin was founded in Cuba, leaving behind the history of the primitive Encomienda (Legal Institution established by Spain in America to regulate relations between Spaniards and indigenous people), whose fate between 1520 and 1540 we do not know, and the Estancias that accompanied it. By chance or prior design, the invocation of Isidore of Seville gave the people of Holguin a figure of culture as a flag.
Bishop Isidore was famous in his time for his literary production, especially for saving much of the knowledge of classical antiquity for Western culture. Much later, the third official patron saint's day was that of San Ildefonso, a student of Isidoro, and when the parishes of Retrete and Gibara were established, they were dedicated to Santa Florentina and San Fulgencio, also brothers of the Sevillian bishop.
The Hato de San Isidoro de Holguin was worked by the Indians and their mestizo descendants. Still, a census register from 1775 reported that there were still 135 Indians in the surroundings of the city. The Hato de San Isidoro de Holguin meant the stabilization of the population that was the seed of what belonged to Holguin as a characteristic feature, and it was the takeoff of development in the Holguin region that the future originated The Hato de San Isidoro de Holguin, on 4 April 1720, later converted into a City and new Eastern Jurisdiction in Cuba, in January 1752.
The community in Holguin was born from itself, and from the integration of other Cubans who arrived mainly from Bayamo, Santiago de Cuba, Baracoa and Port-au-Prince, along with Spaniards, particularly from the Canary Islands, Latin Americans, such as those from Santo Domingo, and those brought as slaves from Africa, to a greater extent, Congos and Carabalíes, in a process of intense miscegenation.
In El Hato de San Isidoro de Holguin that grew since the founding act of Francisco Garcia Holguin, the best values that today characterize the people of Holguin were developed, among them: the honesty of a man like Juan Albanés, the solidarity of the thousands of residents of Holguin who fought in other lands of the world, the fearlessness of Julio Grave de Peralta, perseverance like that of José Agustín García Castañeda, consecration like that of Dr. Pura Avilés, temper like that of William Gálvez and the command that executed the murderer Cowley, fidelity, like that of Lalita Curbelo Barberán, chivalry like that of Raúl Camayd, dignity like that of Pedro Díaz Coello, the sensitivity of creators like Luis Caisés, Faustino Oramas and Cosme Proenza, the value of Calixto Garcia and the patriotism of an entire people, always willing to be free or to always fight to be free.