Foundation of The Herd of San Isidoro of Holguin
April 4 of 1545, are founded The Herd of San Isidoro of Garcia Holguin in Cuba, leaving the history of the primitive Command (Legal Institution implanted by Spain in America to regulate the relationships among Spaniards and indigenous) behind, whose luck between 1520 and 1540 ignores, and the Country Estates that accompanied it. Causality or previous plan, the dedication to Isidoro de Sevilla, gave to the town of Holguin like flag a figure of the culture.
The bishop Isidoro was famous in his time for his literary production, mainly to save great part of the knowledge of the classic antiquity, for the western culture. Much later, the third officialized patronal party was that of San Ildefonso, student of Isidoro and when the parishes of Office and Gibara were constituted, they were dedicated to Santa Florentina and San Fulgencio, also the sevillian bishop's siblings.
The Herd of San Isidoro of Holguin was worked by the Indians and its mestizo descendants. A census censal of 1775 still referred that in the surroundings of the city 135 Indians still existed. The Herd of San Isidoro of Holguin meant the population's stabilization that was seed of the belonging to Holguin like characteristic feature, and it was the take off of the development in the region of Holguin that the future originated The Herd of San Isidoro of Holguin, April 4 of 1720, then transformed into City and oriental new Jurisdiction in Cuba, in January of 1752.
The community in Holguin was born it self, and of the integration of other Cubans that arrived mainly of Bayamo, Santiago de Cuba, Baracoa and Puerto Principe, next to Spaniards, in particular canaries, Latin Americans, as those coming from Santo Domingo, and those brought as slaves of África, in great extent, congos and carabalíes, in a process of intense miscegenation.
In The Herd of San Isidoro of Holguin that grew from Francisco Garcia Holguin's act foundational, the best values that today characterize to the town of Holguin were developed, among them: the honesty of a man like Juan Albanés, the solidarity of the thousands of residents of Holguin that fought in other lands of the world, Julio Grave de Peralta's, the perseverance like that of José Agustín García Castañeda, the consecration like that of Dra. Pura Avilés, the temper like that of William Gálvez and the command that it executed the murderer Cowley, the fidelity, as that of Lalita Curbelo Barberán, the chivalry like that of Raúl Camayd, the dignity like that of Pedro Díaz Coello, the sensibility of creators as Luis Caisés, Faustino Oramas and Cosme Proenza, the value of Calixto García and the patriotism of an entire town, always prepared to be free or to always battle to be it.