The Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum was the residence where the famous patriot of the City of Holguin, member of the Cuban Liberation Army, and leader of the Eastern part of Cuba in the 30 years that the Independence War lasted (1868 – 1898), was born. ).
A main wooden nave, along with another secondary one and two on both sides, with tiles on its roof, and an extensive wall around the interior patio constitutes the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum in Holguin.
On April 2, 1835, a month after the marriage of the Cuban woman born in Holguin, Lucía Iñiguez Landín, and the Venezuelan Ramón García González, he bought, together with his brother Agustín, the gentleman alderman Luis Proenza at a price of 195 pesos, The property located on San Diego street corner of Rosario, a few meters from the Plaza de Armas of the City of Holguin.
A year later, when the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum was a Commercial House, it was sold to his brother Santiago for 2 thousand pesos, who some time later gave it to the merchant José Manuel Aramendi for 4 thousand pesos, and then acquired it again .
On August 4, 1839, the future Lieutenant General of the Cuban Liberation Army was born, in the large house that is half home and half business, today the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum, among uncles and cousins. He only lived there for a few years as he moved to Jiguaní, where he stayed until he was 14 years old.
The Spanish Don Calixto García de Luna Hernández, grandfather of the Holguin hero and from whom he takes his name, bought the mansion on November 28, 1843, of which he was the owner until his death in 1848.
Nobody knows how the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum could be divided; However, his heirs were Santiago García González, his brothers José Agustín, Josefa, Rosa and Ramón, father of General Calixto; Doña María de los Ángeles González, wife of the deceased; Francisco Frexes, attorney, and Joaquina Aguilera, who assisted him until death.
In 1849 Francisco Frexes sought the unification of the entire Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum property left by Don Calixto, an issue that he achieved in 1860. In this way he obtained the land that led to Santiago Street, today Morales Lemus, including, also , the entire front of Rosario Street, current Frexes.
Between 1861 and 1880, the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum was built of masonry. This also contained a commercial entity known as Noah's Ark.
Frexes died in June 1885. His heirs, although they did not give up the store, did make some architectural and construction modifications to the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum.
In the first Republic, the one that meant the exchange of a Spanish King for an American President, the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum was divided into various establishments, including a law firm.
It was not until 1924 when the Municipal Mayor's Office agreed to place a commemorative plaque at the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum, which is still on its façade.
With the arrival of the revolutionary power, the store included within El Museo Casa Natal Calixto Garcia Iñiguez was nationalized.
In the other part of the premises, at the initiative of the Holguín History Activists Section, the first exhibition room was opened in 1974 as part of the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum.
On October 10, 1978, the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum was declared a National Monument of Cuba by the National Monuments Commission; declaration formally proclaimed two months and one day later, in commemoration of the 80th anniversary of the death of the Holguin Patriot.
On December 29, 1979, the former owner of the business died, who had been the tenant of the back room. That year the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum was renovated and in 1986, on January 18, it was completely restored.
In 1983, commerce ceased to exist in the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum, which made possible the opening of the Information Center, specialized in the Cuban Wars of Independence and which treasures the documentation related to this stage with a wide and valuable bibliography, which It has already been published for several years. There you can find biographies, monographs, essays and political files of important personalities. It also has an excellent newspaper library with publications on the subject in various genres.
In December 1998, in commemoration of the Centennial of the death of General Calixto, part of the property belonging to the Mariño family was annexed to the Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum, which facilitated the expansion of the permanent exhibition rooms.
The Calixto Garcia Iñiguez Birthplace Museum in Holguin is a must-visit place for every Cuban. To explore its spaces is to encounter the past of a man who was consistent with his time.