Francisco Garcia Holguin
Francisco Garcia Holguin, was born toward 1490, in Cáceres, Extremadura, it’s considered that he was brought to the Antilles in 1502, with about 12 years old, residing in The Spaniard. There he was witness of the work of construction of the machinery Hispanic colonialist and of the ferocious exploitation of the aboriginal ones. We should imagine all that this atmosphere influenced in the ideas and behaviour of this youth.
Those minds of noble formation, grown in the vassalage, in the experience of the wars against the Moors, and predestined believed to impose their spiritual world, accompanied by the adventurous desire and the personal value, close to the arrogance, the intransigence, the fanaticism and the majority ambition for the gold, all they originated in Francisco Garcia Holguin, to venturesome kind of man, aware of his forces and of his weapons, capable of greatest feats and unheard abjection.
In 1509, Francisco Garcia Holguin signed up in the group that left to the conquest of Jamaica from The Spaniard and, soon after, when disembarking Velásquez in the Port of Palmas, in the area of the Guantánamo bay, with a group of conquerors, he passed Cuba.
Francisco Garcia Holguin was one of the founders of Villa and the Town council of Bayamo at the end of 1514 and one of his Ordinary Mayors.
Among 1520 and half-full of the decade of 1530, Francisco Garcia Holguin is in Mexico. There, at Hernán Cortés command participates in the war against the Aztecs, and August 13 of 1521 he is the captain that traps Cuauhtémoc, the great leader from the resistance to the invaders. Between 1526 and 1532 Francisco Garcia Holguin stands out in the public service inside the Town council of Mexico. Between 1526 and 1527 he acted as Regidor of the Town council and in 1531 as Ordinary Alcalde.
One has precious little information about Francisco Garcia Holguin's estates in Mexico. For 1533 the Francisco Garcia Holguin's activity disappears inside the Town council and one doesn't have more information located about his person in that country.
To his return to Cuba, in some moment toward 1535, Francisco Garcia Holguin found an exhausted colony for the aboriginal population's violent loss, the reduction in value of the auriferous mining, the Hispanic depopulation and the repercussions of the waves of aboriginal civil insurrections that from 1520 razed the grocers.
Sample of those fights anti-colonials they were the guerrilla warfare of the commended Indians of Alcalá that in 1538, they burned cultivations and executed farmers. Productive new forms were imposed and for that reason, about the experiences of the estancias, they initiated for the Town councils the gifts to clusters and corrals. The livestock was transformed into pillar of the colonial economy.
Francisco Garcia Holguin in union to several partners of weapons passed to populate the land of his genuine property, being founded and doing favours to several places, putting to the north of the jurisdiction of the village of Bayamo, that of his residence so that it was the head of all the fundos, calling it Holguin, under the dedication to San Isidoro, in 1545."