Major General Calixto Garcia Iñiguez
Calixto Garcia Iñiguez, Major General of the Liberator Army in Cuba, was born August 4 of 1839 in Holguin City, of a marriage concerted among Ramón García González and María de la Concepción Lucía Iñiguez Landín, family dedicated to the trade.
Calixto Garcia Iñiguez of Venezuelan and Spaniard roots inherited by the paternal part and of the Dominican and Cuban part by the maternal part one, since early age felt pride to be Cuban bearing it to devote to the conspiracy and to take up arms in October 13 of 1868 in the Santa Teresa property.
In the war of 1868, Calixto Garcia Iñiguez was distinguished at Máximo Gómez’s command, winning in the first days against the Spanish troops the stars of colonel, and soon after the Major General ones when he assumed the offensive in Jiguaní, Manzanillo in Granma. Already for May 1 of 1872 he wins the Major General's rank.
Calixto Garcia Iñiguez being a military extremely respected, so much in the forces mambisas as in the Spaniards in 1874 in a well-known place as San Antonio de Bage decides to give a shot in the chin that leaves it for his forehead, act this that drove him once aided by the military Spanish society toward Spain where he remained as prisoner until 1879 in that with the signature of the pact of Zanjón in Cuba set the political prisoners free.
Nevertheless that exposed Calixto Garcia Iñiguez continues the fight for the independence. He travels to the United States and he starts to the front of the new war, when being designated president of the Revolutionary Cuban committee.
It explodes August 24 of 1879 the small war but the lack of resources and the ministries impede that Calixto Garcia Iñiguez incorporates immediately to the operations. At his arrived he disembarks in the South coast of east but the combatants and main leaders had prepared the weapons.
Calixto Garcia Iñiguez again was in jail, he remained in Spain like political prisoner and then as exile up to 1895. When exploding the war that José Martí called Necessary War February 24 of 1895 in Cuba, Calixto Garcia Iñiguez escapes from Spain and in United States he starts front of an expedition that disembarks for the costs of Banes in the county of Holguin in March 24 of 1896.
Calixto Garcia Iñiguez was designated first leader of the Oriental Department and then after Antonio Maceo's death, Lieutenant General of the Liberator Army of Cuba.
Using the Liberator Army’s artillery Calixto Garcia Iñiguez attacked cities and strong enemies, as: Hill of El Hierro, taking of Guaimaro, Tunas and Guisa.
In 1898 Calixto Garcia Iñiguez after his intervention in the war, United States and the division of the revolution in Cuba subordinates to the liberator army at Yankees’ command.
For his capacity and experience Calixto Garcia Iñiguez is designated to carry out operations that it allow to locate Santiago de Cuba, but following the politics of being about impeding the official recognition of the Liberator Army like combating force, it is not invited the Cuban general to the act of rendition, the entrance of the Cubans is not allowed in Santiago de Cuba, and very indignant he sends a protest letter to general Shafter and he was downgraded of his position of Lieutenant General.
Finished the war Calixto Garcia Iñiguez has part in the assemblies of Santa Cruz del Sur, he travels to the United States and in execution of a mission he sickened and dies December 11 of 1898.