Liberation Wars in Holguin
From the beginning of the Spanish domain in the island of Cuba the area that today forms the territory of Holguin was inhabited by the Spaniards, owing its name to the last name of one of the men of Diego Velázquez: Francisco Garcia Holguin, fact that motivated the emergence of stage of The War In Holguin for the liberation of the Island of Cuba.
From very early dates the dissatisfaction of the residents of the area was evidenced with the politics that imposed them the Spanish metropolises, it is as well as it’s carry it on several subversive activities and conspiracies in The City of Holguin, arriving to its culminating point in the formation of War's Movement in Holguin that gave beginning to the Ten Years’ War in 1868.
The territory of Holguin constituted a great objective from the beginning of the Ten Years’ War (1868-1878) for the Liberator Army, which responded immediately to the ringing of the bell of Demajagua and they made several intents to take possession of the city without having any positive results. The revolutionaries of Holguin City participated actively in the fights against the colonial domain in Cuba, among those Major General Calixto Garcia stands out.
The revolutionaries of Holguin again were present in the War of 1895; many of the residents of Holguin participated in The Invasion to Occident. They also participated in other actions under the command of General Calixto Garcia.
During the period neocolonial in Cuba the town of Holguin continued fighting for the social justice that the people longed for. They opposed to the Machado's tyranny, they supported Guiteras through a immense secret movement. It was also founded a cell of the first communist party.
The dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in Cuba had a popular great rejection in the town of Holguin, it’s arose at the end of 1955 the “July 26’s Movement”. Holguin City was main character of Bloody Easter in 1956. In 1958 a group of neighbors of Holguin City integrated to the Rebel Army. Starting from October of 1958 it begins to operate in the outskirts of Holguin City the Fourth Front Simón Bolívar.
Starting from the victory of the revolution in Cuba diverse changes takes place in Holguin City; it is created avenues, airports and circumvallation that modernized to this city. The health, the education and the culture have had a great advance starting from 1959. The cultural movement of Holguin City was transformed itself without any doubts into one of the strongest of Cuba.
In the permanent confrontation against the intents destabilizing of the Revolution in Cuba, the town of Holguin has always been in the first line from the triumphant January.