The Bani Indo-Cuban Museum
Bani Indo-Cuban Museum conserves the richest and complete collection in objects of the aboriginal cultures of the whole insular Caribbean.
Bani Indo-Cuban Museum, only of its type in Cuba, it is located in a building of style rationalist in the urban center of the Banes Municipality -considered the Archaeological Capital of Cuba- in the county of Holguin, a town that possesses a great archaeological potential.
As a result of patient researches and archaeological investigations, more than a thousand of pieces made in different materials as stones, bones, shells, ceramic and metal have been collected to be exhibited in a permanent way in this picturesque Bani Indo-Cuban Museum, specialized in the aboriginal culture that it also stores other thousands of objects that are still in identification process.
The most outstanding figure in Bani Indo-Cuban Museum is a valuable and curious idol of gold -found it in Santana Sarmiento farm, in the region of Yaguajay- with Meso-American influence, as well as an indigenous skull in its forehead where appears a hole like if it had been made with a bullet shooting, question of controversy among the scientists.
The sample in general exhibit fundamentally the two main stages of human habitation in Holguin territory. Objects of possible contact and Indo-Hispanic transculturation can be also appreciated in the period of the conquest in Holguin.
At the present time Bani Indo-Cuban Museum is also an educational institution since it develops community courses with the aborigine thematic, it carries out activities inside and outside of the local with children, young people and other public about the history of the town, it teaches participation games, it imparts chats and conferences, among other activities.
Bani Indo-Cuban Museum was inaugurated November 28 of 1965. Already from the victory of the revolution in Cuba this valuable property was dedicated for the assembly of this cultural institution, because the great importance of the archaeological collection, donated by the outstanding collector Orencio Miguel Alonso.
Given the patient and created work of its technicians, specialists, to the department of archaeology of Holguin, and to all its collaborators, it is affirms that Bani Indo-Cuban Museum conserves the most complete and representative aborigine archaeological collection in Cuba. Ceramic works, ornamental and of work designs, tools, superstructural objects, handles, vessels are part of the museum collection.
Another of the most important exponents in Bani Indo-Cuban Museum is a effigy vessel in a square shape, made in mud, only of its type found in Cuba.
Bani Indo-Cuban Museum has 4 exhibition rooms with important samples of the indo-cuban archaeology and a transitory trade fair of the month. The installation preserves more than 22 thousand pieces belonging to the aboriginal cultures that resided in different areas in their time in the region of Banes, known by that potential as archaeological capital of Cuba.
The studies carried out in this respect, they assure that the aboriginal population established in that territory of Holguin came from Central America and the north of Venezuela like Aruacos, which arrived to these Cuban lands by means of marine routes through Caribbean and of Antilles.